Folliculitis is generally caused by a bacterial infection, commonly Staphylococcus aureus, or staph. However, fungal infections, viruses, and physical trauma to the follicle can all contribute to folliculitis.
Can folliculitis be fungal?
Folliculitis is a common skin condition in which hair follicles become inflamed. It’s usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection.
Does antifungal help folliculitis?
In many cases of bacterial folliculitis, an over-the-counter (OTC) antibacterial wash, such as chlorhexidine (Hibiclens) or benzoyl peroxide, can provide relief. Avoid using Hibiclens above the neck. If you suspect yeast is causing your folliculitis, try an OTC antifungal cream.
Can folliculitis be caused by Candida?
Candida folliculitis: The infection is found predominantly in the hair follicles and, rarely, can become extensive.
Is fungal folliculitis contagious?
Is folliculitis contagious? Although most folliculitis is not contagious, folliculitis caused by an infectious agent may spread through person-to-person skin contact, shared razors, or through Jacuzzis or hot tubs. It is possible to give the infection to someone else through close skin contact.
How do I know if my folliculitis is fungal or bacterial?
Doctors tend to diagnose folliculitis based on a physical examination. The doctor may examine the skin, take note of symptoms, and review the person’s medical and family history. They may take a swab of the infected skin to test for which bacteria or fungus has caused the folliculitis.
How do you know if folliculitis is fungal?
Diagnosis of Pityrosporum Folliculitis
Your doctor may be able to diagnose fungal acne by its appearance or the failure of medications used to treat acne, or they may be able to see the yeast within your hair follicles upon examination. Your dermatologist may perform a number of other tests, like: Tape stripping.
What triggers Malassezia folliculitis?
Malassezia folliculitis results from overgrowth of yeast present in the normal cutaneous flora. Eruptions may be associated with conditions altering this flora, such as immunosuppression and antibiotic use.
What vitamin deficiency can cause folliculitis?
Severe vitamin A and C deficiency may cause folliculitis.  In vitamin A deficiency the skin shows follicular hyperkeratosis, dryness and generalised wrinkling.  It requires about 2 months of vitamin C deprivation to produce mucocutaneous signs, including perifollicular petechiae and follicular hyperkeratosis.
What kills pityrosporum folliculitis?
The most common antifungal medications prescribed to treat pityrosporum folliculitis orally are itraconazole and fluconazole. With a good treatment program, pityrosporum folliculitis can clear up in a matter of weeks.
How do you treat fungal folliculitis?
Both topical and oral antifungals are effective agents in the treatment of Pityrosporum folliculitis (PF). Oral antifungals have the advantage of dramatic, immediate clearing of the lesions and are the most effective treatment. Patients have been successfully treated with oral pulse itraconazole and weekly fluconazole.
What does Malassezia folliculitis look like?
Malassezia folliculitis presents as small, uniform, itchy papules and pustules particularly on the upper back and chest. Other sites involved can include the forehead/hair line, chin, neck, and extensor aspect of the upper limbs.
Does fluconazole treat folliculitis?
An antifungal is needed to treat pityrosporum folliculitis. An oral antifungal, such as itraconazole or fluconazole is used.
Can poor hygiene cause folliculitis?
Image provided by Thomas Habif, MD. Some people develop folliculitis after exposure to a poorly chlorinated hot tub or whirlpool. This condition, sometimes called “hot tub folliculitis” or “hot tub dermatitis,” is caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
What virus can cause folliculitis?
Herpes simplex virus, the virus that causes cold sores, can cause folliculitis.
Can folliculitis last for years?
Sycosis barbae – this is the medical name for a long-term (chronic) folliculitis in the beard area of the face in men (and some women). It often affects the upper lip and it can be difficult to treat. The skin is painful and crusted, with burning and itching on shaving.